Measuring countries

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Author(s) Baettig, Michèle B., Brander, Simone, Imboden, Dieter M.
Publication Type Journal Items, Publication Status: Published
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Title Measuring countries
Subtitle cooperation within the international climate change regime
Author(s) Baettig, Michèle B.
Brander, Simone
Imboden, Dieter M.
Journal or Series Title Environmental science & policy
Volume Number 11
Issue Number 6
Start Page 478
End Page 489
ISSN 1462-9011
Publisher Elsevier Science
Publication Place Kidlington
Publication Date 2008-00-00
Keyword(s) International cooperation
Kyoto Protocol
CO2 emissions
Climate change regime
Climate policy
Abstract We present a method how to estimate and compare the cooperative behavior of countries within the international climate change regime. Two indicators measure whether and how fast countries have committed to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol (KP). Three additional indicators quantify whether and how effectively measures have been implemented in line with these agreements. These three measures are reporting, financial contributions, and development of per capita CO2 emissions in relation to the per capita gross domestic product of each country. Results show that developed countries with emission targets under the KP ratified the protocol more often and faster, submitted their report timelier, and paid their annual financial contributions to the UNFCCC secretariat more regularly than the other countries. However, concerning CO2 emissions, developing countries are evaluated more positively than developed countries. The five indicators are aggregated to a ‘Cooperation Index’ that evaluates 198 countries’ cooperative behavior within the international climate regime on a scale between 0 (=least cooperative) and 6 (=most cooperative). According to this Cooperation Index, the following large countries are ranked after their level of cooperation in ascending order: United States of America, Australia, Russia, Canada, Brazil, China, India, South Africa, and large European countries.
DOI 10.1016/j.envsci.2008.04.003
Additional Notes Available online 24 June 2008
Document Type Article
Publication Status Published
Language English
Assigned Organisational Unit(s) 03731
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NEBIS System Number 001954517
Source Database ID PP-47943
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  author = "Baettig, Mich{\`{e}}le B. and Brander, Simone and Imboden, Dieter M.",
  title = "{M}easuring countries: cooperation within the international climate change regime",
  journal = "Environmental science \& policy",
  year = 2008,
  volume = "11",
  number = "6",
  pages = "478--489",

E-Citations record created: Fri, 02 Apr 2010, 02:55:33 CET