Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: A Review of the First Decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography

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Author(s) Talley, L.D., Feely, R.A., Sloyan, B.M., Wanninkhof, R., Baringer, M.O., Bullister, J.L., Carlson, C.A., Doney, S.C., Fine, R.A., Firing, E., Gruber, N., Hansell, D.A., Ishii, M., Johnson, G.C., Katsumata, K., Key, R.M., Kramp, M., Langdon, C., MacDonald, A.M., Mathis, J.T., McDonagh, E.L., Mecking, S., Millero, F.J., Mordy, C.W., Nakano, T., Sabine, C.L., Smethie, W.M., Swift, J.H., Tanhua, T., Thurnherr, A.M., Warner, M.J., Zhang, J.-Z.
Publication Type Journal Items, Publication Status: Published
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Title Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: A Review of the First Decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography
Author(s) Talley, L.D.
Feely, R.A.
Sloyan, B.M.
Wanninkhof, R.
Baringer, M.O.
Bullister, J.L.
Carlson, C.A.
Doney, S.C.
Fine, R.A.
Firing, E.
Gruber, N.
Hansell, D.A.
Ishii, M.
Johnson, G.C.
Katsumata, K.
Key, R.M.
Kramp, M.
Langdon, C.
MacDonald, A.M.
Mathis, J.T.
McDonagh, E.L.
Mecking, S.
Millero, F.J.
Mordy, C.W.
Nakano, T.
Sabine, C.L.
Smethie, W.M.
Swift, J.H.
Tanhua, T.
Thurnherr, A.M.
Warner, M.J.
Zhang, J.-Z.
Journal or Series Title Annual Review of Marine Science
Volume Number 8
Start Page 185
End Page 215
ISSN 1941-1405
Publisher Annual Reviews
Publication Place Palo Alto, CA
Publication Date 2016
Keyword(s) Anthropogenic climate change
Ocean carbon cycle
Ocean chlorofluorocarbons
Ocean circulation change
Ocean mixing
Ocean oxygen and nutrients
Ocean temperature change
Salinity change
Abstract Global ship-based programs, with highly accurate, full water column physical and biogeochemical observations repeated decadally since the 1970s, provide a crucial resource for documenting ocean change. The ocean, a central component of Earth's climate system, is taking up most of Earth's excess anthropogenic heat, with about 19% of this excess in the abyssal ocean beneath 2,000 m, dominated by Southern Ocean warming. The ocean also has taken up about 27% of anthropogenic carbon, resulting in acidification of the upper ocean. Increased stratification has resulted in a decline in oxygen and increase in nutrients in the Northern Hemisphere thermocline and an expansion of tropical oxygen minimum zones. Southern Hemisphere thermocline oxygen increased in the 2000s owing to stronger wind forcingand ventilation. The most recent decade of global hydrography has mapped dissolved organic carbon, a large, bioactive reservoir, for the first time and quantified its contribution to export production (∼20%) and deep-ocean oxygen utilization. Ship-based measurements also show that vertical diffusivity increases from a minimum in the thermocline to a maximum within the bottom 1,500 m, shifting our physical paradigm of the ocean's overturning circulation.
DOI 10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829
Additional Notes Published online 20 October 2015
Document Type Article
Publication Status Published
Language English
Assigned Organisational Unit(s) 03731
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NEBIS System Number 005870185
Source Database ID SCOPUS-84954305459
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  author = "Talley, L.D. and Feely, R.A. and Sloyan, B.M. and Wanninkhof, R. and Baringer, M.O. and Bullister, J.L. and Carlson, C.A. and Doney, S.C. and Fine, R.A. and Firing, E. and Gruber, N. and Hansell, D.A. and Ishii, M. and Johnson, G.C. and Katsumata, K. and Key, R.M. and Kramp, M. and Langdon, C. and MacDonald, A.M. and Mathis, J.T. and McDonagh, E.L. and Mecking, S. and Millero, F.J. and Mordy, C.W. and Nakano, T. and Sabine, C.L. and Smethie, W.M. and Swift, J.H. and Tanhua, T. and Thurnherr, A.M. and Warner, M.J. and Zhang, J.-Z.",
  title = "{C}hanges in {O}cean {H}eat, {C}arbon {C}ontent, and {V}entilation: {A} {R}eview of the {F}irst {D}ecade of {G}{O}-{S}{H}{I}{P} {G}lobal {R}epeat {H}ydrography",
  journal = "Annual Review of Marine Science",
  year = 2016,
  volume = "8",
  pages = "185--215",

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