Anthropogenic carbon and heat uptake by the ocean: Will the Southern Ocean remain a major sink?

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Author(s) Dufour, Carolina O., Frenger, Ivy, Frölicher, Thomas L., Gray, Alison R., Griffies, Stephen M., Morrison, Adele K., Sarmiento, Jorge L., Schlunegger, Sarah A.
Publication Type Journal Items, Publication Status: Published
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Title Anthropogenic carbon and heat uptake by the ocean: Will the Southern Ocean remain a major sink?
Author(s) Dufour, Carolina O.
Frenger, Ivy
Frölicher, Thomas L.
Gray, Alison R.
Griffies, Stephen M.
Morrison, Adele K.
Sarmiento, Jorge L.
Schlunegger, Sarah A.
Journal or Series Title US Clivar Variations
Volume Number 13
Issue Number 4
Start Page 1
End Page 7
Publisher US CLIVAR
Publication Place Washington, DC
Publication Date 2015
Abstract The global ocean has taken up more than a quarter of the carbon emitted from human activities (since 1750; e.g., Sabine et al. 2004) and more than 90% of the excess heat that has accumulated in the Earth system as a result of these emissions (since 1971; e.g., Church et al. 2011). Hence, the ocean is greatly mitigating the rise of global mean surface temperatures. Among all the oceanic basins, the Southern Ocean, which we define here as the vast area south of 30°S that surrounds Antarctica, is thought to play a dominant role in the uptake of anthropogenic carbon and heat (e.g., Frölicher et al. 2015, Roemmich et al. 2015). Over recent decades, the Southern Ocean has experienced significant changes such as increases in air temperature, precipitation, glacial melting and westerly winds. These changes are expected to intensify over the 21st century and have the potential to greatly impact the uptake of carbon and heat. Careful monitoring of key properties and processes in the Southern Ocean and an improved understanding of their effects on heat and carbon uptake are thus needed to assess the present and project the future of the climate system.
Document Type Article
Publication Status Published
Language English
Assigned Organisational Unit(s) 03731
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Source Database ID FORM-1450284105
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  author = "Dufour, Carolina O. and Frenger, Ivy and Fr{\"{o}}licher, Thomas L. and Gray, Alison R. and Griffies, Stephen M. and Morrison, Adele K. and Sarmiento, Jorge L. and Schlunegger, Sarah A.",
  title = "{A}nthropogenic carbon and heat uptake by the ocean: {W}ill the {S}outhern {O}cean remain a major sink?",
  journal = "US Clivar Variations",
  year = 2015,
  volume = "13",
  number = "4",
  pages = "1--7",

E-Citations record created: Wed, 16 Dec 2015, 16:41:48 CET