An observing system simulation for Southern Ocean carbon dioxide uptake

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Author(s) Majkut, Joseph D., Carter, Brendan R., Frolicher, Thomas L., Dufour, Carolina O., Rodgers, Keith B., Sarmiento, Jorge L.
Publication Type Journal Items, Publication Status: Published
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Title An observing system simulation for Southern Ocean carbon dioxide uptake
Author(s) Majkut, Joseph D.
Carter, Brendan R.
Frolicher, Thomas L.
Dufour, Carolina O.
Rodgers, Keith B.
Sarmiento, Jorge L.
Description 17 p.
Journal or Series Title Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, physical and engineering sciences
Volume Number 372
Issue Number 2019
Start Page 20130046
ISSN 1364-503X
1471-2962
Publisher The Royal Society
Publication Place London
Publication Date 2014-07
Keyword(s) Carbon
Southern Ocean
Observational system simulation experiment
Abstract The Southern Ocean is critically important to the oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO2. Up to half of the excess CO2 currently in the ocean entered through the Southern Ocean. That uptake helps to maintain the global carbon balance and buffers transient climate change from fossil fuel emissions. However, the future evolution of the uptake is uncertain, because our understanding of the dynamics that govern the Southern Ocean CO2 uptake is incomplete. Sparse observations and incomplete model formulations limit our ability to constrain the monthly and annual uptake, interannual variability and long-term trends. Float-based sampling of ocean biogeochemistry provides an opportunity for transforming our understanding of the Southern Ocean CO2 flux. In this work, we review current estimates of the CO2 uptake in the Southern Ocean and projections of its response to climate change. We then show, via an observational system simulation experiment, that float-based sampling provides a significant opportunity for measuring the mean fluxes and monitoring the mean uptake over decadal scales.
DOI 10.1098/rsta.2013.0046
Additional Notes Published 2 June 2014
Document Type Article
Publication Status Published
Language English
Assigned Organisational Unit(s) 03731
Organisational Unit(s)
NEBIS System Number 001577891
Source Database ID WOS-000337366900003
SCOPUS-84903649805
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@article{Mjkt2014,
  author = "Majkut, Joseph D. and Carter, Brendan R. and Frolicher, Thomas L. and Dufour, Carolina O. and Rodgers, Keith B. and Sarmiento, Jorge L.",
  title = "{A}n observing system simulation for {S}outhern {O}cean carbon dioxide uptake",
  journal = "Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, physical and engineering sciences",
  year = 2014,
  volume = "372",
  number = "2019",
  pages = "20130046--",
  month = jul,
}


E-Citations record created: Mon, 21 Jul 2014, 10:52:48 CET