An experimental simulation of adaptations to increased car-use costs

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Author(s) Horeni, Oliver, Garling, Tommy, Loukopoulos, Peter, Fujii, Satoshi
Publication Type Journal Items, Publication Status: Published
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Title An experimental simulation of adaptations to increased car-use costs
Author(s) Horeni, Oliver
Garling, Tommy
Loukopoulos, Peter
Fujii, Satoshi
Journal or Series Title Transportation research Part F, Traffic psychology and behaviour
Volume Number 10
Issue Number 4
Start Page 300
End Page 320
ISSN 1369-8478
Publisher Elsevier Science LTD
Publication Place Oxford, England
Publication Date 2007
Keyword(s) Travel behavior
Car-use reduction
Experimental simulation
Abstract A paper-and-pencil experimental simulation was devised to examine car users' adaptation to increased travel costs. In Study 1 travel related to different types of daily agendas was compared for two groups of undergraduates (n = 24) with different costs for car use. When car-use costs increased, a tradeoff between minimizing travel costs and travel time was observed for both more and less habitual car users. Car-use reduction was still less among the former than among the latter. Study 2 employed four groups of undergraduates (n = 48) to examine effects of learning when the costs for car use changed from low to high, from high to low, or remained unchanged. Small learning effects were observed when there was no change in costs. When the costs changed, asymmetrical carryover effects indicated a higher responsiveness to changes from low to high costs than the reverse. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.trf.2006.12.001
Document Type Article
Publication Status Published
Language English
NEBIS System Number 004141999
Source Database ID WOS-000247251600003
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@article{Hrn2007,
  author = "Horeni, Oliver and Garling, Tommy and Loukopoulos, Peter and Fujii, Satoshi",
  title = "{A}n experimental simulation of adaptations to increased car-use costs",
  journal = "Transportation research Part F, Traffic psychology and behaviour",
  year = 2007,
  volume = "10",
  number = "4",
  pages = "300--320",
}


E-Citations record created: Tue, 02 Jul 2013, 06:10:01 CET