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3. Larval performance of the oriental fruit moth across fruits from primary and secondary hosts

Najar-Rodriguez, Adriana J., Bellutti, Nathalie and Dorn, Silvia (2013)

A common characteristic of many invasive herbivorous insects is their ability to utilize a broad range of host plants. By using various hosts in phenological succession, multivoltine herbivores may increase the number of successful annual generations, at the same time as...

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4. Impact of different meadow mowing techniques on field invertebrates

Humbert, J.-Y., Ghazoul, J., Sauter, G.J. and Walter, T. (2010)

Low-input meadows are now recognized for their high biodiversity value and form an integral element of many agri-environmental schemes in Europe. Meadow mowing techniques, however, have become highly mechanized in recent decades and scientific knowledge on the direct impacts of...

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5. Invertebrate herbivory along a gradient of plant species diversity in extensively managed grasslands

Unsicker, Sybille B., Baer, Nadine, Kahmen, Ansgar, Wagner, Markus, Buchmann, Nina and Weisser, Wolfgang W. (2006)

Increasing plant diversity has long been hypothesized to negatively affect levels of invertebrate herbivory due to a lower number of specialist insect herbivores in more diverse sites, but studies of natural systems have been rare. We used a planned comparison to study herbivory in...

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6. Mortality rates and division of labor in the leaf-cutting ant, Atta colombica

Brown, Mark J. F., Bot, A. N. M. and Hart, Adam G. (2006)

Division of labor in social groups is affected by the relative costs and benefits of conducting different tasks. However, most studies have examined the dynamics of division of labor, rather than the costs and benefits that presumably underlie the evolution of such systems. In...

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7. A lectin-mediated resistance of higher fungi against predators and parasites

Bleuler-Martinez, Silvia, Butschi, A., Garbani, Marco, Wälti, Martin A., Wohlschlager, Therese, Potthoff, Eva, Sabotic, J., Pohleven, J., Luthy, Peter, Hengartner, M. O., Aebi, Markus and Künzler, Markus (2011)

Fruiting body lectins are ubiquitous in higher fungi and characterized by being synthesized in the cytoplasm and up-regulated during sexual development. The function of these lectins is unclear. A lack of phenotype in sexual development upon inactivation of the respective genes...

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8. Disentangling the paradox of insect phenology

Ellwood, Elizabeth R., Diez, Jeffrey M., Ibáñez, Inés, Primack, Richard B., Higuchi, Hiroyoshi, Kobori, Hiromi and Silander, John A. (2012)

The strength and direction of phenological responses to changes in climate have been shown to vary significantly both among species and among populations of a species, with the overall patterns not fully resolved. Here, we studied the temporal and spatial variability associated...

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9. Molecular genetics and genomics generate new insights into invertebrate pest invasions

Kirk, Heather, Dorn, Silvia and Mazzi, Dominique (2013)

Invertebrate pest invasions and outbreaks are associated with high social, economic, and ecological costs, and their significance will intensify with an increasing pressure on agricultural productivity as a result of human population growth and climate change. New molecular genetic...

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10. Spatial patterns in macroinvertebrate assemblages in surface-flowing waters of a glacially-influenced floodplain

Robinson, Christopher T. and Doering, Michael (2013)

We examined the spatial structure of macroinvertebrate assemblages in surface-flowing waters of a glacially-influenced floodplain. The floodplain main-channel responded longitudinally to changes in hydrology with evident coarse-scale zones of upwelling and downwelling; the lower...

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11. Entomotoxic and nematotoxic lectins and protease inhibitors from fungal fruiting bodies

Sabotič, Jerica, Ohm, Robin A. and Künzler, Markus (2016)

Fruiting bodies or sporocarps of dikaryotic (ascomycetous and basidiomycetous) fungi, commonly referred to as mushrooms, are often rich in entomotoxic and nematotoxic proteins that include lectins and protease inhibitors. These protein toxins are thought to act as effectors of an...

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14. Differential gene expression and alternative splicing in insect immune specificity

Riddell, Carolyn E., Garces, Juan D.L., Adams, Sally, Barribeau, Seth M., Twell, David and Mallon, Eamonn B. (2014)

Background: Ecological studies routinely show genotype-genotype interactions between insects and their parasites. The mechanisms behind these interactions are not clearly understood. Using the bumblebee Bombus terrestris/trypanosome Crithidia bombi model system (two bumblebee...

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15. Similarity and Specialization of the Larval versus Adult Diet of European Butterflies and Moths

Altermatt, Florian and Pearse, Ian S. (2011)

Many herbivorous insects feed on plant tissues as larvae but use other resources as adults. Adult nectar feeding is an important component of the diet of many adult herbivores, but few studies have compared adult and larval feeding for broad groups of insects. We compiled a data...

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16. Herbivores and pathogens on Alnus viridis subsp. fruticosa in Interior Alaska

Mulder, Chrsita P.H., Roy, Bitty A. and Güsewell, Sabine (2008)

Parasite damage strongly affects dynamics of boreal forests. Damage levels may be affected by climate change, either directly or indirectly through changes in properties of host trees. We examined how herbivore and pathogen damage in Alnus viridis subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Nym....

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17. Precision and accuracy in quantifying herbivory

Johnson, Marc T.J., Bertrand, Jeffery A. and Turcotte, Martin M. (2016)

1. Tissue removal by herbivores (i.e. herbivory) is a dominant interaction in most communities which has important impacts on natural and managed ecosystems. Despite the importance of herbivory, we lack a quantitative comparison of the efficacy of the most commonly used methods...

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19. Parasitism and life history in social insects

Schmid-Hempel, Paul (2006)

Parasites are ubiquitous and present a formidable challenge for social insects. Studies, especially on the model system of the European bumble bee, Bombus terrestris, and its parasites have shown that parasitism affects almost any trait that characterizes the life history...

Conference Contributions

20. Host-associated differentiation and evidence for sexual reproduction in Iranian populations of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii

Razmjou, Jabraeil, Vorburger, Christoph, Moharramipour, Saeid, Mirhoseini, Seyed Ziaeddin and Fathipour, Yaghoub (2010)

Phytophagous insects with wide host ranges often exhibit host-associated genetic structure. We used microsatellite analysis to assess the population structure of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a serious pest on many economically important crops...

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21. Modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems

Seidl, Rupert, Fernandes, Paulo M., Fonseca, Teresa F., Gillet, Francois, Jonsson, Anna Maria, Merganicova, Katarina, Netherer, Sigrid, Arpaci, Alexander, Bontemps, Jean-Daniel, Bugmann, Harald, Ramon Gonzalez-Olabarria, Jose, Lasch, Petra, Meredieu, Celine, Moreira, Francisco, Schelhaas, Mart-Jan and Mohren, Frits (2011)

Natural disturbances play a key role in ecosystem dynamics and are important factors for sustainable forest ecosystem management. Quantitative models are frequently employed to tackle the complexities associated with disturbance processes. Here we review the wide variety of...

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22. Macroinvertebrate diversity in fragmented Alpine streams

Monaghan, Michael T., Robinson, Christopher T., Spaak, Piet and Ward, James V. (2005)

Lakes and reservoirs disrupt the longitudinal connectivity of streams, considerably affecting benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages and diversity. Changes in assemblage composition within fragments can result from habitat alteration and reduced dispersal between fragments. We...

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23. Development and application of transgenic technologies in cassava

Taylor, Nigel, Chavarriaga, Paul, Raemakers, Krit, Siritunga, Dimuth and Zhang, Peng (2004)

The capacity to integrate transgenes into the tropical root crop cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is now established and being utilized to generate plants expressing traits of agronomic interest. The tissue culture and gene transfer systems currently employed to produce these...

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24. Sperm influences female hibernation success, survival and fitness in the bumble–bee Bombus terrestris

Baer, Boris and Schmid-Hempl, Paul (2005)

We present evidence that in the absence of the transfer of male gland compounds in the ejaculate as well as of behavioural male traits, such as mate guarding or harming of females, sperm itself affects female life-history traits such as hibernation success, female longevity and...

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25. Embodied linearity of speed control in Drosophila melanogaster

Medici, V. and Fry, S.N. (2012)

Fruitflies regulate flight speed by adjusting their body angle. To understand how low-level posture control serves an overall linear visual speed control strategy, we visually induced free-flight acceleration responses in a wind tunnel and measured the body kinematics using...

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26. Ecological effects on gut bacterial communities in wild bumblebee colonies

Koch, Hauke, Cisarovsky, Gabriel and Schmid-Hempel, Paul (2012)

1. Animal hosts harbour diverse and often specific bacterial communities (microbiota) in their gut. These microbiota can provide crucial services to the host such as aiding in digestion of food and immune defence. However, the ecological factors correlating with and eventually...

Journal Items

27. Trans-generational immune priming in a social insect

Sadd, Ben M., Kleinlogel, Yvonne, Schmid-Hempel, Regula and Schmid-Hempel, Paul (2005)

Detecting functional homology between invertebrate and vertebrate immunity is of interest in terms of understanding the dynamics and evolution of immune systems. Trans-generational effects on immunity are well known from vertebrates, but their existence in invertebrates remains...

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28. Queen-controlled sex ratios and worker reproduction in the bumble bee Bombus hypnorum, as revealed by microsatellites

Brown, M.J.F., Schmid-Hempel, R. and Schmid-Hempel, P. (2003)

Social insect colonies provide model systems for the examination of conflicts among parties with different genetic interests. As such, they have provided the best tests of inclusive fitness theory. However, much remains unknown about in which party's favour such conflicts are...

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29. Specific versus nonspecific immune defense in the bumblebee, Bombus terrestris L.

Mallon, E.B., Loosli, R. and Schmid-Hempel, P. (2003)

Hosts vary in both their strength of response to a general immunological insult and in their specific susceptibility to different parasite species or different strains of the same parasite. The variation in the general immune response is considered a result of the costs imposed by...

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30. Cross-taxon congruence of species diversity and community similarity among three insect taxa in a mosaic landscape

Oertli, Sabine, Müller, Andreas, Steiner, Dominik, Breitenstein, Alexandra and Dorn, Silvia (2005)

Surrogate taxa as indicators for biodiversity are widely used in conservation biology and ecology. However, available studies on the congruence of species diversity patterns in different taxa yielded inconsistent results, and correlations between taxa were few. To conserve or...

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31. Diel flight pattern and flight performance of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae) measured on a flight mill

Sarvary, Mark A., Bloem, Kenneth A., Bloem, Stephanie, Carpenter, James E., Hight, Stephen D. and Dorn, Silvia (2008)

Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is an invasive herbivore that poses a serious risk to Opuntia cacti in North America: Knowledge of the flight behavior of the cactus moth is crucial for a better understanding of natural dispersal, and for both monitoring and...

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32. TrackFly

Fry, Steven N., Rohrseitz, Nicola, Straw, Andrew D. and Dickinson, Michael H. (2008)

Modern neuroscience and the interest in biomimetic control design demand increasingly sophisticated experimental techniques that can be applied in freely moving animals under realistic behavioral conditions. To explore sensorimotor flight control mechanisms in free-flying fruit...

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33. A distinct infection cost associated with trans-generational priming of antibacterial immunity in bumble-bees

Sadd, Ben M. and Schmid-Hempel, Paul (2009)

The adaptive value of facultative maternal adjustment of offspring immunity, or trans-generational immune-priming, will depend on the ecological background. In particular, where there is a mismatch between the immune adjustment and offspring environment, the immunological link...

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34. Cytoplasmic incompatibility and host population structure

Engelstädter, J. and Telschow, A. (2009)

Many arthropod species are infected by maternally inherited bacteria that induce cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). CI causes embryonic mortality in offspring when infected males mate with either uninfected females or with females that are infected with a different strain of...

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35. Social life-history response to individual immune challenge of workers of Bombus terrestris L.

Moret, Yannick and Schmid-Hempel, Paul (2004)

Parasites typically reduce host survival or fecundity. To minimize fitness loss, hosts can make temporal adjustments of their reproductive effort. To date such plastic shifts of life-history traits in response to parasitism are only known from solitary organisms where infected...

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36. Exotic pest insects

Kaiser, Christopher N., Hansen, Dennis M. and Müller, Christine B. (2008)

Research on crop systems and biodiversity conservation in the tropics has mainly been concerned with how low to mid intensity agricultural systems can benefit from adjacent natural habitats by receiving ecosystem services from natural biodiversity. One intensively studied crop in...

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37. Spatial relationships between land-use, habitat, water quality and lotic macroinvertebrates in two Swiss catchments

Robinson, Christopher T., Schuwirth, Nele, Baumgartner, Simone and Stamm, Christian H. (2014)

We examined the influence of land-use, habitat, and water quality on the spatial distribution of aquatic macroinvertebrates in two human-dominated catchments in the Swiss Plateau (Gürbe, Mönchaltorfer Aa). Land-use in the Gürbe catchment was dominated by agriculture, whereas...

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38. Preimaginal learning determines adult response to chemical stimuli in a parasitic wasp

Gandolfi, M., Mattiacci, L. and Dorn, S. (2003)

The behavioural responses of parasitic wasps to chemical cues from their hosts and host plants are known to be affected by genetic and environmental components. In a previous study of the codling moth ectoparasitoid Hyssopus pallidus, we found that the response of adult parasitoids...

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39. Biology of the Epichloë-Botanophila interaction: An intriguing association between fungi and insects

Bultman, Thomas L. and Leuchtmann, Adrian (2009)

Epichloë fungi (Ascomycota: Clavicipitaceae) are endophytes of grasses that can produce epiphytic stromata on the culms of their hosts. The fungal stromata are visited by Botanophila flies for feeding and egg laying. We review research that has documented the heterothallic mating...

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40. Concept Learning in Neuromorphic Vision Systems

Sandin, Fredrik, Khan, Asad I., Dyer, Adrian G., Amin, Anang Hudaya M., Indiveri, Giacomo, Chicca, Elisabetta and Osipov, Evgeny (2014)

Vision systems that enable collision avoidance, localization and navigation in complex and uncertain environments are common in biology, but are extremely challenging to mimic in artificial electronic systems, in particular when size and power limitations apply. The development of...

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41. Overwintering in New Zealand stick insects

Dennis, Alice B., Dunning, Luke T., Dennis, C.J., Sinclair, Brent J. and Buckley, Thomas R. (2014)

Stick insects are found in a variety of habitats throughout New Zealand, including at least four species that occur at high altitudes. Here they face physiological challenges that differ from their typically warmer lowland habitats, but their strategies to deal with harsh winter...

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42. The psychology of eating insects: A cross-cultural comparison between Germany and China

Hartmann, Christina, Shi, Jing, Giusto, Alice and Siegrist, Michael (2015)

Based on their high nutritional value and low production costs, insects are an excellent and sustainable source of animal protein. In contrast to countries such as China, in Western societies, the consumption of insects is not rooted in traditional diet. Data for the present study...

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43. Insect antimicrobial peptides show potentiating functional interactions against Gram-negative bacteria

Rahnamaeian, Mohammad, Cytryńska, Małgorzata, Zdybicka-Barabas, Agnieszka, Dobslaff, Kristin, Wiesner, Jochen, Twyman, Richard M., Zuchner, Thole, Sadd, Ben M., Regoes, Roland R., Schmid-Hempel, Paul and Vilcinskas, Andreas (2015)

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and proteins are important components of innate immunity against pathogens in insects. The production of AMPs is costly owing to resource-based trade-offs, and strategies maximizing the efficacy of AMPs at low concentrations are therefore likely to be...

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44. Meat Alternatives: Life cycle assessment of most known meat substitutes

Smetana, Sergiy, Mathys, Alexander, Knoch, Achim and Heinz, Volker (2015)

Food production is among the highest human environmental impacting activities. Agriculture itself accounts for 70–85 % of the water footprint and 30 % of world greenhouse gas emissions (2.5 times more than global transport). Food production’s projected increase in...

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45. The evolution of female multiple mating in social hymenoptera

Brown, Mark J.F. and Schmid-Hempel, Paul (2003)

The evolution of female multiple mating is a highly controversial topic, especially in social insects. Here we analyze, using comparative analyses and simulation models, the merits of two major contending hypotheses for the adaptive value of polyandry in this group. The hypotheses...

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47. Spatio-temporal shifts of macroinvertebrate drift and benthos in headwaters of a retreating glacier

Perić, Mirela S. and Robinson, Christopher T. (2015)

Recent alpine stream studies have aimed to predict biotic responses to changing environmental conditions, hydrological regime and climate, but there is little information on macroinvertebrate drift shifts in this context and most research was largely restricted to snow-free period....

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